Agreement Definition in Persian

Agreement Definition in Persian

In the Persian language, agreement or concord is an important concept in grammar. It refers to the matching of grammatical features of different words in a sentence. If there is agreement, the words are said to be in concord. If there is disagreement, the words are said to be in discord.

Agreement is one of the key elements in the Persian language. It is an essential tool for creating grammatically sound sentences that convey meaning accurately. To understand agreement in Persian, it is necessary to understand grammatical gender and number.

Grammatical Gender in Persian

The Persian language has two grammatical genders: masculine and feminine. In Persian, the gender of a word is determined by its ending.

Masculine Words

The majority of masculine words end in “-i”, “-an”, or “-un”. For example:

– خانواده (khānevādeh) – family

– پسر (pesar) – boy

– کودکان (kudakān) – children

Feminine Words

The majority of feminine words end in “-eh”, “-a”, or “-iye”. For example:

– مادر (mādar) – mother

– دختر (dokhtar) – girl

– کتاب‌ها (ketābhā) – books

Grammatical Number in Persian

In Persian, there are two grammatical numbers: singular and plural. The singular is used to refer to a single item, while the plural is used to refer to more than one item.

Singular Words

Singular words in Persian are used when referring to a single item. For example:

– مرد (mard) – man

– زن (zan) – woman

– کتاب (ketāb) – book

Plural Words

Plural words in Persian are used when referring to more than one item. For example:

– مردان (mardān) – men

– زنان (zanān) – women

– کتاب‌ها (ketābhā) – books

Agreement in Persian

In Persian, the agreement between words is based on gender and number. The grammatical features of each word must match in order to create a grammatically correct sentence.

For example:

– مادر خواهرش را دیده است. (Mādar khāharash rā dideh ast.) – The mother has seen her sister.

– پسران دختران را دوست دارند. (Pesaran dokhtaran rā dust dārand.) – The boys like the girls.

In the first sentence, the word خواهر (khāhar) is feminine and singular, so the adjective را (rā) and the verb دیده است (dideh ast) are also in the feminine singular form. In the second sentence, the word پسران (pesarān) is masculine and plural, so the adjective دوست (dust) and the verb دارند (dārand) are also in the masculine plural form.


Agreement in Persian is a fundamental concept in grammar. It is essential for creating clear and accurate sentences that convey meaning correctly. Understanding the principles of agreement in Persian can help writers and speakers of the language to communicate more effectively and use the language more fluently.